The Standard CosmologyThe Big Bang is the standard cosmological model of the universe. The standard theory suggests that all the matter and energy of the universe was once concentrated in one tiny point which cosmologists call a singularity. Some would even say that point was so concentrated that all the matter and energy came from nothing at all, which leads some critics of the Big Bang to mock the theory by pointing out the absurdity of everything coming from nothing all by itself. The theory goes on to say that the singularity suddenly expanded or inflated and that matter, energy, and time itself began during that initial inflation. Initially, all the universe’s matter was composed of light elements like hydrogen and helium and the heavier elements were generated later. The red shift we see in stars represents the continuing expansion of all of space along with the objects contained in space.